Captioning, as referred to in this discussion, is a verbatim rendering of the words, speech sounds and non-speech sounds that appear with the visual or audio recording in synchronized fashion. Captioning provides access to the audio portion of recordings, directly benefits deaf and hard of hearing individuals and indirectly benefits foreign-language speakers and the older population. (This discussion does not refer to descriptions for individuals with vision issues.)
Educational recordings used in class need to be provided in a timely manner to students to provide equal programmatic access. Video and audio recordings produced for the public web site should be captioned before being referenced on the web site.